Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1) interacts and poly(ADP-ribosyl)ates telomere repeat binding factor 2 (TRF2), which acts as a platform to recruit a large number of proteins at the telomere. Since the discovery of TRF2-SLX4 interaction, SLX4 is becoming the key player in telomere length (TL) maintenance and repair by telomere sister chromatid exchange (T-SCE). Defective TL maintenance pathway results in a spectrum of diseases called telomeropathies like dyskeratosis congenita, aplastic anemia, fanconi anemia, cancer. We aimed to study the role of SLX4 and PARP1 on each other’s telomere localization, T-SCE, and TL maintenance in human telomerase-negative osteosarcoma U2OS cells to understand some of the molecular mechanisms of telomere homeostasis.
We checked the role of SLX4 and PARP1 on each other’s telomere localization by telomere immunofluorescence. We have cloned full-length wild-type and catalytically inactive mutant PARP1 to understand the role of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation reaction by PARP1 in telomere length homeostasis. TL of U2OS cells was measured by Q-FISH. T-SCE was measured by Telomere-FISH.
We observed that SLX4 has no role in the telomere localization of PARP1. However, reduced localization of SLX4 at undamaged and damaged telomere upon PARP1 depletion was reversed by overexpression of exogenous wild-type PARP1 but not by overexpression of catalytically inactive mutant PARP1. PARP1 depletion synergized SLX4 depletion-mediated reduction of T-SCE. Furthermore, SLX4 depletion elongated TL, and combined insufficiency of SLX4 with PARP1 further elongated TL.
So, PARP1 controls SLX4 recruitment at telomere by poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation reaction, thereby regulating SLX4-mediated T-SCE and TL homeostasis.

Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.