Sensitization to Felis domesticus allergen 1 (Fel d 1) contributes to persistent allergic rhinitis and asthma. Existing treatment options for cat allergy, including allergen immunotherapy (AIT) are only moderately effective, and AIT has limited use due to safety concerns.
To explore the relationship among the pharmaokinteic, clinical, and immunological effects of REGN1908-1909 (anti-Fel d 1 monoclonal antibodies) in patients after treatment.
Patients received REGN1908-1909 (n=36) or placebo (n=37) in a phase 1b study. Fel d 1-induced basophil and IgE-facilitated allergen binding responses were evaluated at baseline and days 8, 29 and 85. Cytokine and chemokine levels in nasal fluids were measured. REGN1908-1909 inhibition of allergen-IgE binding in patient serum was evaluated.
Peak serum drug concentrations were concordant with maximal observed clinical response. The anti-Fel d 1 IgE/cat-dander IgE ratio in pretreatment serum correlated with Total Nasal Symptom Score improvement. The allergen neutralizing capacity of REGN1908-1909 was observed in serum and nasal fluid, and was detected in an inhibition assay. Type-2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13) and chemokines (CCL17/TARC, CCL5/RANTES) in nasal fluid were inhibited in REGN1908-1909-treated patients compared to placebo (all P < 0.05); IL-13 and IL-5 levels correlated with TNSS improvement. Ex vivo assays demonstrated that REGN1908 and REGN1909 combined was more potent than each alone for inhibiting FcεRI- and FcεRII (CD23)-mediated allergic responses and subsequent T-cell activation.
Single passive dose administration of Fel d 1-neutralizing IgG antibodies improved nasal symptoms in cat-allergic patients, and was underscored by suppression of FcεRI-, FcεRII- and Th2-mediated allergic responses. Clinical trial registration available at, ID: NCT02127801.