Goal orientated healthcare accounts for patient preferences and values, not just physician treatment aims. The GINA management strategy states clinicians should elicit patient’s own treatment goals as a central part of care. Despite this recommendation, data on patient’s treatment goals is sparce among patients with severe asthma.
The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between rates of treatment adherence and goal achievement, and patient-selected goals.
Thematic analysis was used to characterise patient-selected goals. Previously undescribed goal categories in asthma were identified, quantified, and related to clinical characteristics. Goal achievement was aligned with objectively measured treatment adherence.
Three categories of patients-selected goals were identified from two RCTs: disease-specific (n=98[51%] and n=92[54%] respectively), function-related (n=90[48%] and n=61[36%]) and knowledge (n=1[1%] and n=17[10%]). Only 53% of goals aligned with clinician treatment goals. Patients who chose disease-specific goals were more likely to achieve both control and their specified goal (n=98[45%], O.R. 1.789, C.I. 1.066 – 3.001). Male participants are more likely to focus on disease-specific goals. Patients who achieved their goals were more likely to be T2-high, have an elevated FeNO at their first visit and lower FeNO value at their final visit. Interestingly, adherence rates decline significantly for those who achieve their goals.
Almost half of patient-selected goals do not align with GINA clinical asthma management goals. Participants who chose goals that do align with clinicians were more likely to achieve them.