Treatment of tricompartimental osteoarthritis (OA) using customized instruments and implants for cruciate-retaining total knee arthroplasty. Use of patient-specific instruments and implants (ConforMIS iTotal CR G2) together with a 3D-planning protocol (iView®). Retropatellar resurfacing is optional.
Symptomatic tricompartmental OA of the knee (Kellgren-Lawrence stage IV) with preserved posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) after unsuccessful conservative or joint-preserving surgical treatment.
Knee ligament instabilities of the posterior cruciate or collateral ligaments. Infection. Relative contraindication: knee deformities >15° (varus, valgus, flexion); prior partial knee replacement.
Midline or parapatellar medial skin incision, medial arthrotomy; distal femoral resection with patient-specific cutting block; tibial resection using either a cutting jig for the anatomic slope or a fixed 5° slope. Balancing the knee in extension and flexion gap using patient-specific spacer. The final tibial preparation achieved with gap-balanced placement of the femoral cutting jigs. Kinematic testing using anatomic trial components. Final implant components are cemented in extension. Wound layers are sutured. Drainage is optional.
Sterile wound dressing; compressive bandage. No limitation of the active and passive range of motion. Optional partial weight bearing during the first 2 weeks, then transition to full weight bearing. Follow-up directly after surgery, at 12 and 52 weeks, then every 1-2 years.
Overall 60 patients with tricompartmental knee OA and preserved PCL were treated. Mean age was 66 (range 45-76) years. Minimum follow-up was 12 months. There was 1 septic revision after a low-grade infection, 1 reoperation to replace the patellar due to patellar osteoarthritis and 3 manipulations under anesthesia (MUAs) to increase range of motion. Radiographic analyses demonstrated an ideal implant fit with less than 2 mm subsidence or overhang. The WOMAC score improved from 154.8 points preoperatively to 83.5 points at 1 year and 59.3 points at 2 years postoperatively. The EuroQol-5D Score also improved from 11.1 points preoperatively to 7.7 points at 1 year postoperatively.