Perampanel (PER) is an effective adjunctive therapy for controlling focal-onset seizures (FOS), but few studies have examined its effects as an early add-on for the treatment of FOS in daily clinical practice.
Our retrospective, multicenter, observational study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of PER as an early add-on in 77 patients with FOS, with and without focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizures (FBTCS) after 3, 6 and 12 months in a real-world setting.
After 12 months of treatment (median dose 6 [4,8] mg/day), the retention rate was 79.2 % and 60 % of patients (39/65) experienced a ≥50 % reduction in seizure frequency relative to baseline. The seizure-free rate was 38.5 % for all seizures (25/65) and 60 % for FBTCS (12/20). The responder rate at 12 months was significantly higher when PER was given with one concomitant AED (72.2 %) compared to when PER was given with two concomitant AEDs (44.8 %). Drug-related adverse events (AEs) were reported in 40.3 % of patients, most of them being mild (64.2 %). Twelve patients (15.6 %) discontinued treatment because of AEs.
PER is an effective and safe early add-on for patients with refractory FOS, especially for those with FBTCS.