Despite advances in the treatment of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), little is known about how this evolving knowledge is applied in current clinical practice in China.
To evaluate hospital performance and temporal trends in the management of STEMI.
This study used data from the Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-Acute Coronary Syndrome Project, a nationwide quality improvement registry, in collaboration with the American Heart Association and the Chinese Society of Cardiology. Participants included patients with STEMI admitted to 143 tertiary hospitals across China from November 2014 to July 2019, and data were analyzed from November 2020 to December 2021.
Levels, hospital-level variations, and trends for utilization rates of the 9 management strategies with Class I recommendations in Chinese and US guidelines.
A total of 57 560 hospitalizations with STEMI were included. Overall, 20.0% of patients received all the care according to the 9 guideline-recommended strategies. The performance rate of quality measures was low for reperfusion therapy (61.0%, 35 115/57 560 patients), β-blocker at discharge (68.3%, 37 750/55 285 patients), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker at discharge (55.1%, 2524/4578 patients), and smoking cessation counseling (36.5%, 9586/26 265 patients) among those who were eligible. Of 25 563 patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), 66.8% underwent this procedure within 90 minutes of hospital arrival. Of 1128 patients who underwent fibrinolysis therapy, 253 (22.4%) underwent this treatment within 30 minutes of hospital arrival. Measures with high performance rates included receipt of dual antiplatelet therapy within 24 hours (95.5%, 54 263/56 848 patients) and at discharge (91.8%, 51 452/56 019 patients) and receipt of statin at discharge (93.0%, 52 214/56 141 patients) for those eligible. There was significant variation between hospitals in all-or-none score (ranging from 0 to 61.9%) and performance of individual measures. The quality of care improved during the study period, especially for reperfusion therapy, primary PCI within the first 90 minutes of hospital arrival, and smoking cessation counseling.
The quality of care for patients hospitalized with STEMI does not meet guideline-recommended strategies in China, with only 1 in 5 patients receiving all the care according to the 9 guideline-recommended strategies. Large disparities in the quality of care exist across hospitals.