To assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on peri-operative outcomes of kidney and upper tract robot-assisted surgery. Medical audit of patients who underwent robot-assisted kidney and upper tract cancer surgery at a single institution between 2017 and 2019, categorized on BMI into obese patients with a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m and a control group with BMI < 25 kg/m. Patient and tumour characteristics, surgery time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative adverse events (AE) according to the European Association of Urology Intraoperative Adverse Incidents Classification (EAUiaiC), conversion- to-open/radical rate as well as 30-day postoperative AE according to Clavien-Dindo (CD) and length of inpatient stay were analyzed. 366 patients were identified, 141 with a BMI 2) distributed equally between groups. Robotic kidney and upper tract surgery in obese patients showed an increase in surgery time and blood loss potentially related to APF. However, obesity was not associated with conversion to open surgery or radical nephrectomy in nephron-sparing procedures, length of stay, major intraoperative AE or postoperative complications.© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature.
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