Barrett’s esophagus in children with peptic strictures has not been well characterized, and its prevalence is unknown. We report a case of peptic esophageal stricture with Barrett’s esophagus in an adolescent patient who presented with dysphagia with recurrent episodes of vomiting and limited medical history. A 13-year-old male with mild intellectual disability was transferred to our facility due to a two-month history of dysphagia with recurrent episodes of vomiting and intolerance to both solids and liquids. Physical examination and laboratory values were within normal limits, including complete blood count and differential, serum electrolytes, glucose, amylase, lipase, liver and kidney function tests, and thyroid-stimulating hormone level. Barium esophagram revealed persistent focal narrowing of the proximal and mid-esophagus. An esophageal endoscopy revealed a snug circumferential stricture and biopsy consistent with erosive esophagitis. The patient was started on high dose pantoprazole and underwent serial endoscopic guided balloon dilations with marked improvement in symptoms. Peptic stricture with Barrett’s esophagus is rare in children. It should be included in the differential diagnosis of a child with the common symptom of vomiting in the setting of developmental delay. Vigorous treatment with endoscopic balloon dilation and proton pump inhibitors is necessary to prevent the progression into adenocarcinoma.Copyright © 2020, Lorenze et al.
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