A combination of metabolic modifications by light stimulus and photodynamic action is very attractive. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) comprehends a vast range of applications and has been shown to be suitable to ease morbidities caused by chemotherapy and radiation, such as mucositis and dermatitis. The current study investigates the effects of near-infrared PBMT combined with porphyrin-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) in squamous cell carcinoma cell lines SCC-25 and SCC-4. The aim is to evaluate the potential of this combination to improve PDT outcome by increasing cell toxicity. Many techniques were used to verify the combined effect. Photobiomodulation (PBM) enhanced PDT action in SCC-25 cells by increasing photosensitizer (PS) uptake and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The equivalent was not seen in SCC-4 cells compared to the PDT only group. We believe these effects are strongly related to the interval of application between PBMT, PS incubation and PDT. Additionally, the effect of ascorbic acid on preventing PBM effects in PDT shows that ROS play an important role in the early mechanisms of PBM-PDT. Therefore, we believe PBM-PDT combination is worth exploring, for its benefit-cost ratio and simple protocols, along with the possibility of improvement in treatment resuts.
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