The orexin receptor antagonist suvorexant was previously reported to significantly improve total sleep time (TST), by 28 min per night versus placebo after 4 weeks, in a sleep laboratory polysomnography (PSG) study of patients with Alzheimer’s disease and insomnia. The study included an exploratory evaluation of a consumer-grade wearable “watch” device for assessing sleep that we report on here. Participants who met diagnostic criteria for both probable Alzheimer’s disease dementia and insomnia were randomized to suvorexant 10-20 mg (N = 142) or placebo (N = 143) in a double-blind, 4-week trial. Patients were provided with a consumer-grade wearable watch device (Garmin vívosmart HR) to be worn continuously. Overnight sleep laboratory PSG was performed on three nights: screening, baseline and Night 29 (last dose). Watch treatment effects were assessed by change-from-baseline in watch TST at Week 4 (average TST per night). We also analysed Night 29 data only, with watch data restricted to the PSG recording time. In the 193 participants included in the Week 4 watch analysis (suvorexant = 97, placebo = 96), the suvorexant-placebo difference in watch TST was 4 min (p = .622). In patients with usable data for both assessments at the baseline and Night 29 PSG (suvorexant = 57, placebo = 50), the watch overestimated TST compared to PSG (e.g., placebo baseline = 412 min for watch and 265 min for PSG) and underestimated change-from-baseline treatment effects: the suvorexant-placebo difference was 20 min for watch TST (p = .405) and 35 min for PSG TST (p = .057). These findings show that the watch was less sensitive than PSG for evaluating treatment effects on TST.
© 2021 European Sleep Research Society.