Previous studies have reported conflicting results on the predictive role of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in detecting clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPCa) at the time of prostate biopsies. We explored the predictive value of pre-biopsy PLRs for CSPCa using our large-cohort database. Consecutive men with serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels of ≥ 3.0 ng/mL or abnormal digital rectal examination (DRE) findings and who underwent prostate biopsies were included in the study. There was no significant difference in the pre-biopsy PLR between men with benign disease, clinically insignificant prostate cancer (CISPCa), and CSPCa. Only the subset of CSPCa patients with serum PSA levels of < 10 ng/mL showed lower PLRs than those with benign disease or CISPCa. In the entire patient cohort, multivariate analyses revealed that older age, diabetes mellitus, DRE abnormalities, higher serum PSA levels, and smaller prostate volume were predictors of CSPCa. However, the pre-biopsy PLR was not a significant predictor of CSPCa at the prostate biopsy in the entire patient cohort or the subset of patients with serum PSA levels of < 10 ng/mL. In summary, the pre-biopsy PLR is not an independent predictor of CSPCa at the prostate biopsy, regardless of the serum PSA level.
© 2021. The Author(s).