Postauricular Island Flap in Reconstruction of Auricula Tumor Defects.
The most common malignant tumor in humans is skin cancers. Skin cancers are most commonly seen in the head and neck region due to direct exposure to sunlight. Most frequently seen skin cancer in the auricula are basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The aim of this study is to evaluate the results of postauricular island flap after resection of tumors in the auricula.Twelve patients aged 58 to 84 years were included in the study. Eight patients had BCC, 3 had SCC, and 1 had basosquamous carcinoma (BSC). The tumor was located at the cavum concha in 7 cases, antihelix in 3 cases, triangular fossa in 1 case and scapha in 1 case. Surgical procedure was performed under local anesthesia in 7 patients and under general anesthesia in 5 patients. Postauricular island flap was used in all cases. There were no early complications. Three patients had non-apparent narrowing of the auriculomastoid angle. The patients were followed for an average of 2.6 years between 1 and 9 years. Only one patient with basosquamous carcinoma of the cavum concha had recurrence at 19 months.We believe that the postauricular island flap may be a good alternative for the reconstruction of the defect after resection of tumors in the auricle due to its proximity to the surgical site, color matching, adequate thickness, good vascularization, aesthetic acceptance by the patient and completion of the procedure in one session.