We investigated the prevalence and metabolic features of two definitions of multiple sclerosis (MS) between older patients with chronic thyroiditis treated with levothyroxine (LT4) and controls. We also assessed the ability of both criteria to predict cardiovascular (CV) risk.
This cross-sectional, retrospective study included individuals aged ≥60 years who attended a geriatric outpatient clinic between January 2015 and December 2018. The LT4 treatment group was classified as having high or low CV risk based on the Framingham score.
This study enrolled 111 patients with chronic thyroiditis treated with LT4 and 131 patients without thyroid disease as the control group. The prevalence of MS according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and American Association of Clinical (AACE) criteria was similar in the LT4 treatment (21.6% and 26.1%, respectively) and the control (30.5% and 34.4%, respectively) groups (p>0.05). While the prevalence of MS and CV risk did not differ significantly between the control and LT4 treatment groups, the prevalence of MS with both definitions was higher among individuals with high CV risk in the LT4 treatment group (p<0.05). For the prediction of CV risk, the sensitivity and specificity of the AACE criteria were higher than those of the WHO criteria in the LT4 treatment group.
The prevalence of MS in euthyroid patients treated with LT4 was similar to that of patients without thyroid disease. When the LT4 treatment group was classified based on CV risk, MS was more common in those with a high CV risk.