Network pharmacology is a novel approach that uses bioinformatics to predict and identify multiple drug targets and interactions in disease. Here, we used network pharmacology to investigate the mechanism by which triptolide acts in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We first searched public databases for genes and proteins known to be associated with RA, as well as those predicted to be targets of triptolide, and then used Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to identify enriched gene pathways and networks. Networks and pathways that overlapped between RA-associated proteins and triptolide target proteins were then used to predict candidate protein targets of triptolide in RA. The following proteins were found to occur in both RA-associated networks and triptolide target networks: CD274, RELA, MCL1, MAPK8, CXCL8, STAT1, STAT3, c-JUN, JNK, c-Fos, NF-κB, and TNF-α. Docking studies suggested that triptolide can fit in the binding pocket of the six top candidate triptolide target proteins (CD274, RELA, MCL1, MAPK8, CXCL8 and STAT1). The overlapping pathways were activation of Th1 and Th2 cells, macrophages, fibroblasts and endothelial cells in RA, while the overlapping networks were involved in cellular movement, hematological system development and function, immune cell trafficking, cell-to-cell signaling and interaction, inflammatory response, cellular function and maintenance, and cell death and survival. These results show that network pharmacology can be used to generate hypotheses about how triptolide exerts therapeutic effects in RA. Network pharmacology may be a useful method for characterizing multi-target drugs in complex diseases.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
February 10, 2020
Alanine Aminotransferase Influencing Performances of Routine Available Tests Detecting Hepatitis B Related Cirrhosis.
March 19, 2020
- ACC 2020The American College of Cardiology decided to cancel ACC.20/WCC due to COVID-19, which was scheduled to take place March 28-30 in Chicago. However, ACC.20/WCC Virtual Meeting continues to release cutting edge science and practice changing updates for cardiovascular professionals on demand and free through June 2020.
- ENDO: 2020ENDO 2020 Annual Conference has been canceled due to COVID-19. Here are highlights of emerging data that has still been released. Keep an eye out for ENDO Online 2020, which will take place from June 8 to 22.