This cross-sectional study based on the health belief model investigated predictors of coping behavior at myocardial infarction (MI) symptom onset using secondary data from the 2017 Korea Community Health Survey (KCHS).
Modifying variables (socio-economic, health knowledge, perceived threat) were selected as independent variables and anticipated coping behavior at MI symptom onset as the dependent variable. Calling 911 was classified as the correct coping behavior, while visiting a hospital or an oriental medicine clinic, calling family, and others were classified as incorrect.
Of 227,740 participants, 83.2% reported correct coping behaviors. The likelihood of calling 911 was low if participants experienced atypical symptoms (jaw, neck, back, arm, and shoulder pain), even if they were aware of those symptoms. However, 69.9% of participants who were aware of typical symptoms (chest pain) stated that they would call 911. Sex, age, hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity, and awareness of MI symptoms affected the likelihood of correct coping behavior..
Correct coping abilities among the general public are vitally important for early treatment of MI patients and reduction of hospitalization time. Members of the general public in their 20s and 30s, 60 years of age or older, with cardiovascular risk factors (male sex, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity), and who are not aware of MI symptoms should be educated about the typical and atypical symptoms of MI. Emergency medical services should be called without delay if needed, and public relations activities should be carried out to raise awareness that anyone can use emergency medical services.