Given the importance of patients’ subjective experience and attitudes in the management of severe mental illness, the present study evaluated their potential role as predictors of future continuation of long-acting injectable antipsychotic maintenance treatment (LAI-AMT) in clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia switching from an oral therapy. Retrospective data from 59 subjects receiving LAI-AMT for at least 6 months were collected. Patients who continued LAI treatment (n = 32) were compared to those who discontinued it (n = 27), assessing baseline socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, psychopathological features (Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale, Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale and Young Mania Rating Scale) and patient-reported experience of treatment through Drug Attitude Inventory 10-item (DAI-10) and Subjective Well-being under Neuroleptics short form. Binary logistic and Cox regression analyses explored the predictive role of the mentioned variables on treatment discontinuation. The Kaplan-Meier estimator compared dropout from LAI treatment in subsamples with different characteristics. Unemployment and lower baseline DAI-10 scores predicted LAI-AMT discontinuation. No major differences were detected in other socio-demographic, clinical or psychometric indexes. When switching from oral to LAI-AMT, the preliminary assessment of attitude towards drug might be clinically relevant, allowing the identification of patients at risk for treatment discontinuation.
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