Premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) refers to the loss of ovarian activity before the age of 40 years, which leads to hypoestrogenism and amenorrhoea. The diagnosis of POI in a young woman has potentially life-changing physical and emotional consequences for both the patient and her family. Therefore, it is very important that the diagnosis is correct and that it is made in a timely manner. Unfortunately, the diagnosis and therefore the effective treatment of POI are often delayed, which underlines the need for education of the broad medical community on the issue. A panel of menopause experts reviewed and critically appraised the literature, and present: 1) the diagnostic approach to POI, 2) the investigation of the etiology of this condition, 3) the therapeutic strategy regarding both hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and fertility and 4) the long-term follow-up and management for ensuring quality of life, as well as urogenital, cardiovascular, bone and mental health. The ultimate goal is to provide a complete toolkit for the primary care physician to have easy access to all the information needed for the optimal management of women with POI, in the context of evidence-based and personalized medicine.
Copyright © 2021 Irene Lambrinoudaki, Stavroula A. Paschou, Mary Ann Lumsden, Stephanie Faubion, Evangelos Makrakis, Sophia Kalantaridou, Nick Panay. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.