We assessed the prevalence/comorbidities of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Korean servicemen using the Epidemiological Survey of Mental Health in Military Service in Korea. A total of 3,441 participants were assessed for adult ADHD, depression, social anxiety, generalized anxiety, somatization, insomnia, suicidality, cigarette dependence, and alcohol dependence using a self-report scale. Participants were also asked to rank their perception of their career prospects, health status, and quality of life on a Likert scale. Participants were classified as ADHD according to the WHO A-ADHD self-report scale. Firth multiple logistic regression and Cochran-Armitage trend tests were used to identify the risks of comorbidities and trends of self-perception between the two groups. ADHD (prevalence: 2.8%) was significantly associated with social anxiety (OR, 40.52; 95% CI 25.14-65.74), generalized anxiety (OR, 28.21; 95% CI 17.37-45.69), depression (OR, 16.36; 95% CI 10.50-25.52), somatization (OR, 14.47; 95% CI 9.21-22.76), suicidality (OR, 11.03; 95% CI 6.67-17.86), and insomnia (OR, 5.92; 95% CI 3.68-9.35). Servicemen with ADHD had negative perceptions (p <0.001) of their career prospects, health status, and quality of life compared to servicemen without ADHD. It is essential to revise the enlistment criteria for individuals with ADHD or to develop management programs for servicemen with ADHD.
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