Few data are available on the current prevalence of Parkinson’s disease in China. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Parkinson’s disease in Chinese individuals aged 65 years and older and to analyze associated risk factors.
We performed a population-based cross-sectional survey with a multistage cluster sampling design. Residents aged 65 and over were drawn from 11 urban districts and 10 rural counties across China. Data were entered into spreadsheets, and imported and analyzed using Statistical Package SPSS 24.
We identified 151 patients with Parkinson’s disease among 8124 residents aged 65 and over, including 75 men (49.67%) and 76 women (50.33%). The overall prevalence of PD in the study population was 1.86% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.6%-2.2%), and the standardized prevalence of PD was 1.60%. The crude prevalence in men (2.12%) was higher than in women (1.66%), and standardized prevalence in urban areas (1.98%) was higher than in rural areas (1.48%). Logistic regression analysis showed that independent risk factors for PD were older age, heavy metal or pesticide exposure (odds ratio [OR]=3.83; 95% CI: 2.021-7.256), urban residence (OR=1.307; 95% CI: 1.041-1.642), rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (OR=1.450; 95% CI: 1.021-2.059), and heart disease (OR=2.431; 95% CI: 1.481-4.990). Conclusion:The prevalence of Parkinson’s disease in individuals aged 65 and older in China has not increased significantly in recent years. The prevalence of Parkinson’s disease is higher in men than in women and higher in urban areas than in rural areas.

S. Karger AG, Basel.