The Taiwan Society of Cardiology (TSOC) has established multicenter registries for coronary artery disease (CAD) to investigate clinical characteristics, management and risks for mortality. However, the impacts of newly-emerged evidence-based therapies, including the use of drug-eluting stents (DESs), on patients with CAD in Taiwan remain unclear.
The Tri-Service General Hospital-Coronary Heart Disease (TSGH-CHD) registry is a single-center, prospective, longitudinal registry in Taiwan containing data from 2014-2016. Individuals who were admitted for coronary angiography were enrolled. Patient profiles, management and in-hospital outcome data were collected.
We included 3352 patients: 2349 with stable angina and 1003 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In the stable angina group, both patients receiving stenting and those receiving medical treatment had a 0.7% mortality rate; DESs were used in 70.4% of the patients receiving stenting. In the ACS group, the patients receiving stenting and those receiving medical treatment had a 4.9% and 10.7% mortality rate, respectively; DESs were used in 63.1% of the patients receiving stenting. In the 2008-2010 Taiwan ACS registry, DESs were used in only 28% of all stenting procedures, and the estimated hospital mortality rate was 1.8%. Multivariate analysis indicated that older age, prior stroke, and cardiogenic shock on admission were associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality in the ACS group.
Compared with the Taiwan ACS cohort, the TSGH-CHD registry revealed increased DES use and increased disease complexity and severity after 2010. Although unlikely to significantly improve survival, interventionists seemed to perform high-risk procedures for complex CAD more often in the new DES era.