Knowledge on chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) patients from Argentina and Brazil is limited. Our series of 280 patients depicted an older age at diagnosis (median 72 years old), 26% of aberrant karyotypes, and a prevalence of myelodysplastic (60%) and CMML-0 subtypes (56%). The median overall survival (OS) was 48.2 months for patients in CMML-0 (Ref.), 24.7 months for those in CMML-1 (HR = 2.0, p = 0.001), and 8.8 months for patients in CMML-2 (HR = 4.6, p < 0.001). In the CMML-0 category, median OS were different between myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative subtypes (63.7 vs 21.2 months, p < 0.001); however, no differences were observed within CMML-1 and CMML-2 subtypes (24.7 vs 23.7 months, p = 0.540, and 9.1 vs 8.2 months, p = 0.160). The prognostic impact of 24 variables and 7 prognostic systems was adjusted to the WHO 2016 after validating their usefulness. Multivariate analysis were performed, and the final model revealed Hb ≥ 8 -< 10g/dL (HR 1.7), Hb < 8g/dL (HR 2.8), poor karyotypes (HR 2.1), WHO 2016-CMML-1 (HR 2.1), and CMML-2 (HR 3.5) as independent adverse clinical parameters in our cohort with a borderline influence of platelets count < 50 × 10/L (HR 1.4). We could validate several scoring systems, the WHO 2016 proposal and its prognostic capability, along with accessible covariates, on predicting the outcome in our series of CMML patients from Latin America.