Positron emission tomography (PET)-based measures of baseline total-body tumor burden may improve risk stratification in intermediate-risk Hodgkin lymphoma (HL).
Evaluable patients were identified from a cohort treated homogeneously with the same combined modality regimen on the Children’s Oncology Group AHOD0031 study. Eligible patients had high-quality baseline PET scans. Metabolic tumor volume (MTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) were each measured based on 15 thresholds for every patient. Univariate and multivariable Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses assessed for an association of MTV and TLG with event-free survival (EFS).
From the AHOD0031 cohort (n = 1712), 86 patients were identified who (i) were treated with four cycles of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, cyclophosphamide (ABVE-PC) chemotherapy followed by involved field radiotherapy, and (ii) had a baseline PET scan that was amenable to quantitative analysis. Based on univariate Cox regression analysis, six PET-derived parameters were significantly associated with EFS. For each of these, Kaplan-Meier analyses and the log-rank test were used to compare patients with highest tumor burden (i.e., highest 15%) to the remainder of the cohort. EFS was significantly associated with all six PET parameters (all p < .029). In a multivariable model controlling for important covariates including disease bulk and response to chemotherapy, MTV was significantly associated with EFS (p = .012).
Multiple baseline PET-derived volumetric parameters were associated with EFS. MTV was highly associated with EFS when controlling for disease bulk and response to chemotherapy. Incorporation of baseline MTV into risk-based treatment algorithms may improve outcomes in intermediate-risk HL.

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