In patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS), cardiac sympathetic nervous (CSN) dysfunction and its improvement after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have been reported. The prognostic impact of CSN function remains unclear. This study investigated the prognostic value of cardiac I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging for predicting cardiac events after TAVR.
This single-centre prospective observational study enrolled patients with AS between July 2017 and May 2019. MIBG scintigraphy was performed before and soon after TAVR to evaluate the late heart-mediastinum ratio (L-H/M). Patients were classified into three pairs of groups based on the baseline and post-TAVR L-H/M (≥2.0 or <2.0) and on the presence of TAVR-related improvement in L-H/M. The study endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and hospitalization due to heart failure. Among the 187 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR, 107 (27 men; median age: 86 years) were evaluated. Over a median follow-up of 366 days, 15 (14.0%) patients had MACE. The incidence of MACE was significantly low in patients with L-H/M improvement and/or high post-TAVR L-H/M (≥2.0). Baseline L-H/M and frailty were associated with poor response of L-H/M to TAVR treatment. TAVR-related improvement in L-H/M had significant effects on MACE, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.233 (95% confidence interval, 0.064-0.856; P = 0.028).
TAVR-related improvement in L-H/M was an independent predictor of cardiac events, 1 year after TAVR. Cardiac MIBG imaging is useful for predicting cardiac events after TAVR.

© 2021 The Authors. ESC Heart Failure published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Society of Cardiology.