Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) account for 12% to 17% of all breast cancers. It is a heterogeneous group of tumors associated with aggressive clinical course. Insulin-like growth factor II mRNA binding protein 3 (IMP3) belongs to a family of insulin-like growth factor type II (IGF2), which plays a key role in the transmission and stabilization of mRNA, cell growth, and migration during embryogenesis. Increased expression of IMP3 is associated with aggressive behavior of different tumor types, advanced clinical stage, distant metastasis, and shorter overall survival (OS).The study included 118 patients with breast carcinoma diagnosed as TNBC and immunohistochemical staining for estrogen receptors (ER), progesterone receptors (PR), epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu), Ki-67, and IMP3 was performed. Correlations between categorical variables were studied using the chi-square and the Mann-Whitney U test. For survival analysis, the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and the Cox proportional hazard regression model were used.Positive expression of IMP3 protein was present in 35.6% of TNBC. The presence of basal morphology was observed in 46.6% of TNBC. Positive IMP3 expression was connected with larger size of tumor, higher clinical stage, and basal morphology (P = .039, P = .034, P < .001). Disease-free survival and OS were significantly shorter in IMP3 positive TNBC.According to results of our study IMP3 expression can be used as negative prognostic factor for triple negative breast carcinomas. Targeting IMP3 molecule could be an effective approach to the management of a triple negative breast cancer with new immunological therapies, which does not yet exist for this group of tumors.
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