Because of the unobvious early symptoms and low 5-year survival rate, the early diagnosis and treatment is of great significance for patients with non-small cell lung cancer. Glucose transporter-1 is the most widely distributed glucose transporters in various tissue cells in the human body, whose expression in non-small cell lung cancer is closely related to the histological types, lymph node metastasis, degree of differentiation, progression and prognosis. F-FDG PET/CT imaging, a molecular imaging diagnostic method, is based on the characteristics of glucose metabolism in malignant tumors, which has been widely applied in the cancer diagnosis, stage division, evaluation of therapeutic effects and prognosis evaluation. Glucose transporter-1 is regulated and influenced by many factors, and it is closely related to F-FDG PET/CT imaging. This article briefly reviews the progress in the clinical application and correlation between glucose transporter-1 and F-FDG PET/CT imaging for non-small cell lung cancer, in order to improve the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.