Ilizarov’s technology is an internationally recognized clinical treatment method for limb orthopedics, but there are many complications related to external fixation. With the development and progress of the times, the remote-control intramedullary lengthening nails had risen to prominence on the international stage as the second generation of orthomelic technology based on Ilizarov’s technology. Since the first remote-control intramedullary lengthening nail appeared in the 1980s, after more than 40 years of development, there are currently more than 3 types of extension mechanisms in remote-control intramedullary lengthening nails and a mature and stable clinical treatment model has been formed during the past long-term clinical treatment and experiments, such as the End-Point-First (EPF) program proposed by Professor Peter H. Thaller in Germany. Compared with Ilizarov’s technology, the remote-control intramedullary lengthening nail has obvious advantages in convenience, comfort, risk of infection, soft tissue injury, postoperative pain, and controllability of limb lengthening. This article mainly introduces the development and clinical treatment concept of remote-control intramedullary lengthening nail and the latest clinical treatment status of limb lengthening therapy abroad, hoping to provide new cognition and ideas for the further development of limb orthopedics in China.