The aim of this study is to investigate the potential application of prostatic aspirated cellular RNA analysis technique for fast diagnosing and staging prostate cancer.
Prostatic aspirated cells were obtained immediately after transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided needle biopsy. Cellular RNA such as glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA, prostate specific antigen (PSA) mRNA and prostate-specific RNA (PCA3) mRNA were analyzed by using Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). PCA3 score was calculated as the ratio of PCA3 mRNA to PSA mRNA expression. Diagnostic performance of the fast-aspirated cellular RNA analysis technique for determining prostate cancer and metastatic status were evaluated by developing receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC), and the correlation between aspirated cellular RNA mRNA expressions and risk grouping was calculated, to investigate the underlying potential for PCa staging.
PCA3 score was significantly higher in prostatic aspirated cells obtained from cancerous tissues than noncancerous tissues. The median aspirated cellular PCA3 score was higher in patients with PCa compared to BPH, and presenting an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.87 (95%CI: 0.79-0.94) for PCa diagnosis. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that baseline median aspirated cellular PCA3 score (OR=9.316, 95%CI: 1.045-83.033, P<0.05) was an independent predictive factor for metastatic status in PCa patients.
The ease of use and minimal complexity of fast prostatic aspirated cellular RNA analysis may be a valuable diagnostic technique, providing urgent diagnostic information for accurate PCa diagnosing and staging.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.