Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) provides long-term enteral nutritional access for patients with inability to eat. Although considered safe, PEG tube placement is associated with complications. We report a rare case of PEG-related sigmoid colon pseudovolvulus.
A 78-year-old man with a history of Parkinson’s disease developed severe abdominal pain and vomited continuously 50 days after PEG tube placement. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed internal herniation of the sigmoid colon between the abdominal wall and the stomach at the gastrostomy site. Intraoperatively, the gastrostomy tube penetrated the sigmoid mesentery, which rotated around the tube, and the sigmoid colon was herniated towards the upper abdomen. The herniated colon was reduced and Hartmann’s procedure was performed. Subsequently, gastrostomy was reinforced with anterior gastropexy. The postoperative course was uneventful.
This case highlights the need for caution when placing a PEG tube because of a mobile sigmoid mesocolon, raising the awareness of potential major complications. Complications can be avoided by directly visualising the intraabdominal organs using laparoscopic gastrostomy or laparoscopic-assisted PEG. However, these methods require general anaesthesia. Thus, the presence of redundant colons should be determined in advance to assess the risk of sigmoid mesocolon perforation. We should also assess the patients’ swallowing function and estimate whether it may recover with rehabilitation before deciding to place a PEG tube.
PEG tube should be considered after careful patient evaluation. If PEG is required, clinicians should recognise the patient-specific risks and consider other surgical procedures to avoid complications.

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