Helicobacter pylori infection is an infectious disease and thus the eradication treatment should be guided by susceptibility testing. This study aimed to assess the applicability of broth microdilution as a routine susceptibility testing method for H. pylori.
Susceptibility profiles of clarithromycin (CLR) and levofloxacin (LEV) resistance in 76 clinical H. pylori isolates were simultaneously assessed using agar dilution and broth microdilution methods. The correlation between the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) obtained by the 2 methods was assessed by means of linear regression analysis.
The correlation between the MICs determined by broth microdilution method and agar dilution method was good for both CLR (r = 0.966) and LEV (r = 0.959). The susceptibility agreement between the 2 methods was 100% for CLR and 96.1% for LEV. Using the broth microdilution method, the false resistance was found in 3.9% (3 of 76) strains for LEV susceptibility testing. No false susceptibility was found for either CLR or LEV, and no false resistance was found for susceptibility testing of CLR.
The broth microdilution method is suitable for routine susceptibility testing of clinical H. pylori isolates.

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