Little is known about the real-world care of young adult (YA) females (aged 20-39 years) with breast cancer. This study describes factors associated with the receipt of guideline-concordant care (GCC) among YAs.
The authors identified 1259 YA women with invasive breast cancer diagnosed in 2013 in the National Cancer Institute’s Patterns of Care study. Hospital records were re-abstracted, and treatment was verified. Using the National Comprehensive Cancer Network’s 2013 breast cancer guidelines, the authors assessed the receipt of GCC by cancer subtype among a subset of YAs (n = 952). Associations between sociodemographic and clinical factors and GCC receipt were examined.
Most YAs were 35 to 39 years old (51.2%) and partnered (56.4%); half had hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) tumors. GCC was found for 81.7% of YAs. Relationships between sociodemographic and clinical factors and GCC receipt differed by subtype. Stage was the only significant predictor of GCC receipt for all subtypes (stage II vs III: odds ratio [OR] for HR+/HER2+, 0.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.08-0.50; OR for HR-/HER2+, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.07-0.25; OR for HR-/HER2-, 3.86; 95% CI, 1.55-9.62; OR for HR+/HER2-, 2.81; 95% CI, 1.63-5.80).
GCC is high among YAs with breast cancer. The effects of sociodemographic factors and treatment facility size on GCC differ by subtype. Consistent with recommendations, tumor biology, not age, is associated with GCC for all subtypes. Future studies should assess the effect of GCC on survival among YAs.

© 2021 American Cancer Society. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.