Neonatal sepsis is a bloodstream infection primarily caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), Group B Streptococcus (GBS), Listeria monocytogenes, Haemophilus influenzae, S. aureus, Klebsiella spp. and non-typhoidal Salmonella bacteria. Neonatal Sepsis is referred as a critical response to the infection in the neonatal period that can lead to the failure of body organs and thereby causing damage to the tissues resulting in death of the neonates. Nearly 4 million deaths across the world are occurred due to neonatal sepsis infections. In order to prevent the bloodstream infections in the neonates, it is indispensable to diagnose the disease properly for appropriate treatment during the point of care. Numerous studies have been reported to identify major biomarkers associated with neonatal sepsis including Serum Amyloid A (SAA), C – reactive protein (CRP), Procalcitonin (PCT) and Lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP). Distinct diagnostic platforms have also been developed detecting the presence of bloodstream infections including electrochemical, potentiometric, and impedimetric sensors. Recently, electrochemical biosensors with the integration of nanomaterials have emerged as a better platform for neonatal sepsis biomarkers detection. This review article summarizes the diverse screening platforms, evaluation parameters, and new advances based on implications of nanomaterials for the development of biosensors detecting neonatal sepsis infections. The review further elucidates the significance and future scope of distinctive platforms which are predominantly associated with detection of neonatal sepsis.
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