Despite high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC) being the most common and lethal gynecological cancer in women, the early etiological events driving disease development remain largely unknown. Emerging evidence now suggests that chromosome instability (CIN; ongoing changes in chromosome numbers) may play a central role in the development and progression of HGSOC. Importantly, genomic amplification of the Cyclin E1 gene (CCNE1) contributes to HGSOC pathogenesis in ∼20% of patients, while Cyclin E1 overexpression induces CIN in model systems. Cyclin E1 levels are normally regulated by the SCF (SKP1-CUL1-FBOX) complex, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that includes RBX1 as a core component. Interestingly, RBX1 is heterozygously lost in ∼80% of HGSOC cases and reduced expression corresponds with worse outcomes, suggesting it may be a pathogenic event. Using both short (siRNA) and long (CRISPR/Cas9) term approaches, we show that reduced RBX1 expression corresponds with significant increases in CIN phenotypes in fallopian tube secretory epithelial cells, a cellular precursor of HGSOC. Moreover, reduced RBX1 expression corresponded with increased Cyclin E1 levels and anchorage-independent growth. Collectively, these data identify RBX1 as a novel CIN gene with pathogenic implications for HGSOC.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.