Adherence to low salt diets and control of hypertension remain unmet clinical needs in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.
We performed a 6-month multicentre randomized trial in non-compliant patients with CKD followed in nephrology clinics testing the effect of self-measurement of urinary chloride (69 patients) as compared with standard care (69 patients) on two primary outcome measures, adherence to a low sodium (Na) diet (<100 mmol/day) as measured by 24-h urine Na (UNa) excretion and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (ABPM) monitoring.
In the whole sample (N = 138), baseline UNa and 24-h ABPM were143 ± 64 mmol/24 h and 131 ± 18/72 ± 10 mmHg, respectively, and did not differ between the two study arms. Patients in the active arm of the trial used >80% of the chloride strips provided to them at the baseline visit and at follow-up visits. At the third month, UNa was 35 mmol/24 h (95% CI 10.8-58.8 mmol/24 h; P = 0.005) lower in the active arm than the control arm, whereas at 6 months the between-arms difference in UNa decreased and was no longer significant [23 mmol/24 h (95% CI -5.6-50.7); P = 0.11]. The 24-h ABPM changes as well as daytime and night-time BP changes at 3 and 6 months were similar in the two study arms (Month 3, P = 0.69-0.99; Month 6, P = 0.73-0.91). Office BP, the use of antihypertensive drugs, estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) and proteinuria remained unchanged across the trial.
The application of self-measurement of urinary chloride to guide adherence to a low salt diet had a modest effect on 24-h UNa and no significant effect on 24-h ABPM.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.