Although self-rating mania scales have been developed, a lack of such instruments validated for the Greek population is noted. This study aims to examine the validity, reliability and psychometric properties of the Altman Self Rating Mania Scale (ASRM) adapted in Greek (G-ASRM).
A sample of 86 consecutive inpatient and outpatient bipolar patients diagnosed by the DSM-5 criteria and 37 healthy controls were assessed by using the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and the Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and self-administered the G-ASRM. Factor analysis, test-retest analysis, measurement invariance tests, mean differences, Pearson’s Correlation analysis and ROC analysis were used to confirm the validity of G-ASRM as a scale, test its reliability, study its psychometric properties in different subgroups and establish a cut-off value for indicating the presence of (hypo)mania in BD patients. Also, regression models were built to expose dependencies between YMRS and G-ASRM items.
Monofactoriality of the scale was verified, based on Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA). Cronbach’s alpha was 0.895. G-ASRM is highly correlated with YMRS (r = 0.856, p < 0.0005) and uncorrelated with MADRS (r = -0.051, p = 0.623). Test- retest r-coefficient was calculated at 0.85. The optimal cut-off score, set at ≥6 for (hypo)mania assessment, is in agreement with the results reported for the original version. Limitations of the study are that the scale was not normed on diagnostic groups other than bipolar, nor was it administered longitudinally, so as to assess its sensitivity to symptom changes overtime.
The G-ASRM can be validly and reliably used in the Greek population for the assessment of (hypo)mania in bipolar patients.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.