The association between crescents and renal outcomes was inconsistent in a Chinese IgA nephropathy (IgAN) cohort, and limited research has investigated the prognosis of IgAN patients with crescents.
Between January 2008 and January 2013, 169 consecutive IgAN patients with crescents in the Xijing Hospital, who were matched to IgAN patients without crescents at a 1:1 ratio by sex, age, eGFR, and proteinuria were reviewed. Combined events were defined by either a ≥ 50% reduction in eGFR or ESRD.
All patients were followed for a mean of 49.9 ± 26.0 months, and 41 (12.1%) patients had developed combined events. Five multivariate Cox regression models were created, and crescents was an independent risk factor for combined events. In model 5, crescents (HR = 2.216, 95% CI 1.040-4.345, P = 0.039) were notably associated with the risk of combined events after adjusting for age, sex, smoking, TA-P, persistent hematuria, and TA-MAP. Of the IgAN patients with crescents, 17.2% had developed combined events. In the baseline variables model, age, proteinuria, eGFR, E1, T1-T2, and RAAS had statistically significant associations with combined events in the multivariate Cox regression analyses. In the time varying variables model, TA-P, persistent hematuria, and TA-MAP were independent risk factors for combined events.
We validated that the presence of crescents was an independent predictor of combined events in Chinese IgAN patients. Age, proteinuria, eGFR, E1, T1-T2, RAAS, TA-P, persistent hematuria, and TA-MAP were independent risk factors for combined events in IgAN patients with crescents.