To evaluate resilience in severe mental disorders and correlate it with clinical measures and quality of life.
Resilience (Resilience Scale, RS) and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire) were prospectively evaluated in a sample of 384 hospitalized patients diagnosed with severe mental disorders (depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia). Clinical outcomes were measured using the Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (GAF), Clinical Global Impression (CGI), Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS), Hamilton Scale-Depression (HAM-D), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS).
Resilience measure showed a difference between the three clinical groups analyzed in the study, with lower scores in depressed patients than in bipolar disorder or schizophrenia patients. There was a trend toward a correlation between resilience and depressive symptoms (Hamilton Scale-Depression; P = 0.052; r = - 0.163). The scores in the resilience scale’s personal competence domain presented a tendency of association with general psychiatric symptoms (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale; P = 0.058; r = - 0.138). There was a significantly positive association between resilience and all domains of quality of life (r = 0.306-0.545; P < 0.05). Sociodemographic data like age, education, intelligence quotient, sex, and marital status were associated with resilience.
Depressive patients had low scores on the resilience scale compared to patients with other disorders. Resilience was positively associated with quality of life. Therefore, it deserves special attention, as it promotes more positive outcomes and improves patients’ quality of life with severe mental disorders.