We used resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) to evaluate the integrity of the neural circuits associated with primary and secondary rewards in bipolar disorder (BD) with different mood phases.
62 patients with BD (21 patients with depressive episode of BD [BDD] and 41 patients with maniac episode of BD [BDM]) and 42 healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. rsFC was assessed using region-of-interest (ROI)-wise analyses.
Attenuation of rsFC at the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and the left ventral striatum (LVS) was observed in the secondary reward circuit of patients with BD compared to that of HCs. Among BDD, BDM, and HCs, the rsFC between OFC and LVS in BDM was intermediate, while the rsFC between OFC and right ventral striatum/right amygdala in BDM was the highest; the corresponding rsFCs values in BDD were the lowest. Furthermore, a positive correlation was found between rsFC and Young Mania Rating Scale scores in BDM.
This study suggests that there may be an abnormal rsFC between OFC and LVS in the second reward of patients with BD and the discrepant patterns of rsFC may exist between different mood states in patients with BD.
© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press.