Retinal impairment has previously been described in Parkinson’s Disease (PD), also in early stage of disease. Idiopathic Rapid-eye-movement sleep Behavior Disorder (iRBD) is considered the strongest marker in the diagnosis of “Prodromal PD”. Thus, we evaluated the thickness of retinal layers and the microvascular retinal pattern in a group of iRBD patients compared to PD and healthy subjects (HCs).
retinal layer’s thickness and microvascular pattern among PD, iRBD and HCs were assessed using Spectral-Density Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT) and OCT-Angiography (OCT-A), respectively.
Forty-one eyes from 21 PD, 37 eyes from 19 iRBD and 33 eyes from 17 HCs were analysed. Peripapillary Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer (RNFL) was thinner in PD and RBD compared to HCs. All macular retinal layers, except for retinal pigment epithelium, resulted to be significantly thinner in iRBD and in PD compared to HCs, also adjusting by age, sex and hypertension. Macular RNFL and ganglionic cell layer were thinner in PD compared to iRBD. Moreover, in iRBD, a peculiar microvascular pattern was found, characterized by a higher vascularization of the deep capillary plexus with respect both PD patients and HCs.
in PD and iRBD patients retina was thinner than HCs, and values of iRBD were between PD and HCs. Moreover, in iRBD, a peculiar microvascular pattern has been found, characterized by a higher vascularization of the deep capillary plexus. Our findings suggest that retina might be considered a biomarker of neurodegeneration in iRBD, easily estimable using non-invasive tool such as OCT and OCT-A.

Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.