To determine if retrobulbar injection of hyaluronidase reaches the vitreous cavity, and to determine its concentration in the vitreous.
Prospective case-control study. Patients undergoing evisceration with implant for noninfective blind eyes were enrolled in the study. Before the evisceration, a retrobulbar injection of 3,000 IU of hyaluronidase (2 ml) was injected. Time from injection to in vivo sampling of posterior vitreous was noted. Vitreous samples from controls were obtained from patients undergoing vitrectomy for retinal detachment or diabetic retinopathy. Concentration of hyaluronidase was assessed in all 30 samples. An ELISA-based microtiter-technique was used to evaluate the activity of hyaluronidase by an avidin-peroxidase-based procedure using an ELISA reader. Incubations were carried out at room temperature and at 37°C. All the samples were analyzed in duplicates, and the mean of each sample was plotted on a scatter plot.
Total of 30 vitreous samples were analyzed, of which 15 were controls and 15 were test samples. Of the 15 test samples, injection-to-sampling time was 0 to 20 minutes in 4 samples, 20 to 40 minutes in 6 samples, and 40 to 60 minutes in 5 samples. The highest concentration of hyaluronidase detected in control and test samples were 2.9 and 3.0 µg/ml, and the lowest concentration was 1.7 and 1.5 µg/ml (SD 0.3), respectively. There was no significant difference between control and test groups.
Retrobulbar injection did not result in higher concentration of hyaluronidase in the posterior vitreous compared with controls when measured up to 60 minutes following injection.

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