Gene fusions are becoming more evident in cancer scenario for either being the driver alterations, or for the great therapeutic target potential in many cases. Our aim was to characterize the BRD4-NOTCH3 fusion correlating with clinical features, and to determine the frequency of this fusion in the oncological population.
One patient diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma at Hospital Sírio-Libanês (Brazil) was included. Foundation Medicine database was searched for all BRD4-NOTCH3 fusions among 233,804 specimens.
A 76-year-old male patient was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma. Molecular assessments demonstrated negative ALK and EGFR, with PD-L1 expression positive by 60 %. He was treated with first line chemotherapy and second line immunotherapy. Subsequent treatments resume re-exposures to chemotherapy with poor responses. A next-generation sequencing (NGS) based assay was performed in the tumor biopsy, revealing mainly mutation in STK11, microsatellite stability, TMB-intermediate, MYC amplification and a BRD4-NOTCH3 fusion. The breakpoint analysis of this fusion indicates that BRD4 active domains are preserved, suggesting that it maintained DNA binding activity, as well as its capacity to be halt by BET inhibitors. Foundation Medicine database was searched for all BRD4-NOTCH3 fusions among more than 230-thousand specimens and it was found in 87 new cases in a rate of 0.04 % occurrence in solid tumors, predominately in gynecological cancers. The same rate was found when we analyzed a different dataset.
In conclusion, this is the first report of the BRD4-NOTCH3 gene fusion associated with clinical characterization and, although rare, the occurrence of this fusion is constant in different population. Our data suggest that this fusion has great potential to targeted-therapy.

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