The statistical association between a short-term rise in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels and the short-term outcome of acute ischemic stroke remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the association in acute ischemic stroke patients during hospitalization.
Patients with acute ischemic stroke who received statin at discharge were enrolled in this multicenter registry study. LDL-C values were measured on the first day after admission and on the day before discharge to determine the rise in LDL-C levels. Poor outcome was defined as a modified Ranking Scale score ≥2 at discharge. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale increase from admission to discharge by 2 points was defined as clinical deterioration. Logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the relationship between LDL-C rise during hospitalization and poor outcome at discharge. Variables that were significantly different between the LDL-C rise and LDL-C fall groups were considered in adjustment for confounding variables in model 1. Age, sex, and those variables in model 1 were considered in adjustment for confounding variables in model 2.
Among the 676 patients, 110 (16.3%) showed a rise in LDL-C levels during hospitalization. Multivariate analyses showed that LDL-C at admission <1.6 mmol/L was significantly correlated with LDL-C rise during hospitalization (p < 0.001). There were significantly more patients with a poor outcome in the "LDL-C rise" group than in the "LDL-fall" group (p = 0.002). Multiple models consistently showed that LDL-C rise increased the risk of a poor outcome at discharge in model 1 (OR [95% CI] 1.351 [1.059-1.723], p = 0.016) and model 2 (OR [95% CI] 1.370 [1.071-1.751], p = 0.012). LDL-C rise also increased the risk of clinical deterioration, although its p value only was 0.043 in model 1 and 0.048 in model 2.
Rise in LDL-C during hospitalization from acute ischemic stroke is an independent predictor of poor outcome at discharge. In particular, patients with lower LDL-C values at admission are a higher at risk, and LDL-C in these patients should thus be monitored while in hospital.

© 2020 S. Karger AG, Basel.