Atopic dermatitis (AD) has been linked to systemic infections in adulthood, but large-scale studies are few and potential associations unclear.
To examine whether adults with AD have increased risk of developing systemic infections leading to hospital-based management.
Nationwide register-based cohort study including all Danish adults from 1995 through 2017. Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox models.
10,602 adults with AD (median age 29.8 years, interquartile range 22.6-44.8) and 106,020 reference individuals were included. The overall incidence rate per 10,000 person-years of systemic infections was 180.6 (95%CI 172.6-189.0) among AD adults compared with 120.4 (95%CI 118.3-122.5) among reference adults. The association between AD and systemic infections was observed for musculoskeletal (adjusted HR [aHR] 1.81, 95%CI 1.42-2.31), heart (aHR 1.75 95%CI 1.21-2.53), upper (aHR 1.42 95%CI 1.15-1.73) and lower respiratory tract infections (aHR 1.21 95%CI 1.10-1.33). The risk of sepsis (aHR 1.19 95%CI 1.01-1.44) and skin infections (aHR 2.30 95%CI 2.01-2.62) was also increased.
The findings cannot be generalized to adults with milder AD seen outside the hospital system.
We found an increased risk of systemic infections among adults with hospital managed AD.

Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.