Adjuvant and post-operative therapy aimed at reducing the risk of disease recurrence and improving potential for cure can be broadly categorised into systemic and locoregional treatment. For epithelial ovarian cancer, cytoreductive surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy is the mainstay management. Maintenance therapy with PARPi is a state-of-the-art option for women with advanced disease following complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy, particularly those with BRCA mutations. Adjuvant treatment for endometrial cancer depends mostly on FIGO staging and histopathological risk factors. For cervical cancer, adjuvant chemoradiation is indicated after surgery in women with close or positive resection margins and positive nodes. Generally, recommendations for adjuvant therapy should be individualised and reviewed at the multidisciplinary tumour board meeting, and the decision for adjuvant therapy should be balanced with treatment toxicity. The overview of the role of adjuvant and post-surgical treatment in gynaecological cancers will be discussed in this chapter.
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