The predictive value of the platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and red cell distribution width (RDW) have been demonstrated in different types of abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the interest of the preoperative PLR and RDW as predictors of 30-day postoperative complications in patients with acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI).
Clinical data of 105 AMI patients were retrospectively reviewed. Postoperative complications were evaluated by the Clavien-Dindo classification. The cut-off values for neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), PLR and RDW were determined by receiver operating characteristic curves. Univariate and multivariate analyses evaluating the risk factors for postoperative complications were performed.
In the univariate analyses, advanced age, female, anemia, high WBC, high PLR, high NLR, high RDW, charlson comorbidity index (CCI) score ≥ 2 and bowel resection were associated with the postoperative complications. Multivariable analysis revealed that advanced age, high PLR, high RDW and bowel resection were independent predictors of postoperative complications.
The PLR and RDW might play important roles in evaluation of the risk of postoperative complications in AMI patients. The preoperative PLR and RDW are simple and useful predictors of postoperative complications in AMI patients.

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