This study sought to identify the complication, mortality, and readmission rates of patients undergoing either percutaneous (PCLB) or transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) when propensity matched for demographics and hepatic comorbidities.
A retrospective review of New York’s Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System ICD9 coded database from the years 2009-2013 was conducted. Patients over the age of 18 undergoing either PCLB or TJLB were included. Patients with hepatic neoplasm or metastasis were excluded. 2:1 PCLB:TJLB propensity match for age, race, payment, coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia/purpura, hypercoagulability, ascites, acute liver failure, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and bone marrow disease was conducted. Univariate analysis compared demographics, complications, readmissions, and mortality.
1467 patients met inclusion criteria (PCLB = 978, TJLB = 489). Propensity match was successful in that there were no significant differences in demographics or hepatic comorbidities. TJLB had significantly lower rates of hematoma (0.20 % vs 1.20 %, p = 0.049) and higher rates of cardiac complications (0.40 % vs 0.00 %, p = 0.045). Other complication, readmission, and mortality rates did not differ significantly. Logistic regression found no significant predictors of readmission within 7 days or any complication within 5 days.
This retrospective, multi-center database review of adult patients undergoing PCLB or TJLB propensity matched for demographics and hepatic comorbidities found that TJLB patients had a significantly higher rate of cardiac complications while PCLB patients had a significantly higher rate of hematoma. These findings support prior literature suggesting a trend towards safety of TJLB compared to PCLB in patients with hemostatic disorders and/or advanced liver disease.

Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.