The incorporation between nano-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and nano-chitosan (Cs) to produce sandwich nanohybrid (SNH) for water treatment and improvement the adsorption of sofosbuvir drug (SOF). The photocatalytic activity and formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected with oxidation of organic dyes such as Rhodamine B (RhB), methylene blue (MB), and methyl orange (MO). The effect of SNH on the release of SOF in blood and inside the cells at pH 7.4 and pH 6.8, respectively were observed by UV-Visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The binding constant (K) was reported at 0.0035 min and the loading constant at 0.0024 min, while the release efficiency was 42.6% at pH 7.4 and 74.7% at pH 6.8. The efficiency of photocatalytic activity against organic dyes MO, MB, and RhB are detected at 2.4% and 1%, and 42%, respectively. The cytotoxicity of SNH has been observed with MDA-MB-231 and HepG2 cell line with three concentrations of SNH, where the little concentration has low effect on the HepG2 and high viability, this result was reversed with the high concentration, also the yellow color due to the lysis of the cells. The antioxidant of the SNH was detected by FRAP technique.
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