Steroid-responsive encephalopathy is a general term for diseases that are characterized by diffuse brain injury and respond well to corticosteroids or immunosuppressive agents, including Hashimoto’s encephalopathy (HE), limbic encephalitis (LE), systemic lupus erythematosus encephalopathy (SLEE), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated systemic vasculitis encephalopathy (AASV), viral encephalitis (VE), and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL). Epilepsy and status epilepticus are the main manifestations of steroid-responsive encephalopathy. The spectrum of “autoimmune epilepsy” diseases, which has been approved by the epilepsy diagnostic recommendations of the International Antiepileptic League, is characterized by a high prevalence of epilepsy in central nervous system (CNS) autoimmune diseases and a variety of neuron-specific autoantibodies. Steroid-responsive encephalopathy with different causes may have different pathogeneses and has been suggested to be associated with some internal commonality producing seizure as the main symptom. Determining the regularity of seizures caused by steroid-responsive encephalopathy and implementing appropriate measures will help us improve the prognosis of patients. This paper summarizes the epidemiology, seizure onset, seizure type, and other characteristics of seizures in steroid-responsive encephalopathy (including HE, LE, SLEE, ANCA-associated systemic vasculitis encephalopathy, VE, and PCNSL) and then discusses the use of antiepileptic drugs to treat steroid-responsive encephalopathy.