Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Psychiatry for September 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

COVID-19-Related Hospital Death Up With Psychiatric Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Patients with any prior psychiatric diagnosis have an increased risk for COVID-19-related hospital death, according to a research letter published online Sept. 30 in JAMA Network Open.

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Hospital Admissions Not Related to COVID-19 Fell in Early 2020

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Non-COVID-19 hospital admissions decreased considerably with the onset of COVID-19, with declines generally similar across patient demographic subgroups from February to April 2020, according to a report published online Sept. 24 in Health Affairs.

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Frequency of Alcohol Consumption Up During Pandemic

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There has been an increase in the frequency of alcohol consumption from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a research letter published online Sept. 29 in JAMA Network Open.

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Young Women Benefit From Surgery for Breast Asymmetry

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Surgical treatment of breast asymmetry in young women yields significant and sustained improvements in psychosocial quality of life, according to a study published in the October issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Health Care Use, Costs Increase 20-Fold After Firearm Injury

TUESDAY, Sept. 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Actual health care costs increase up to 20-fold in the six months after a gunshot injury versus the six months before, according to a study published online Sept. 29 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Suicidal Behaviors, Deaths Lower for Childhood Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Survivors of childhood cancer have a lower prevalence of suicidal behaviors and mortality, but the prevalence of suicidal ideation is similar to that of the general population, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Cancer.

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Private Health Plans Pay Hospitals 247 Percent of Medicare

MONDAY, Sept. 28, 2020 (HealthDay News) — During 2018, prices paid to hospitals by privately insured patients averaged 247 percent of what Medicare would have paid, according to a study from the RAND Corporation.

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Fertility Treatment Cancellations Due to COVID-19 Impact Mental Health

FRIDAY, Sept. 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Fertility treatment suspensions due to the COVID-19 pandemic have had a considerable negative impact on women’s mental health and quality of life, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in PLOS ONE.

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Children’s Routine Care Plummets During Pandemic

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There has been a steep drop in routine medical care for low-income children in the United States during the pandemic, which could cause long-term problems, the U.S. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services says.

AP News Article

Survey: Rheumatic Diseases Pose Routine Challenges

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Many patients with rheumatic diseases face significant challenges in their daily lives, including affordability issues, lifestyle and activity limitations, and negative effects on mental and emotional health, according to the results of a survey released by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR).

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Teens’ Mental Illness Treatment May Not Follow Guidelines

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is great variation in the treatment of mental illness in adolescents, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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FDA Requiring Labeling Changes to Benzodiazepine Prescribing Information

THURSDAY, Sept. 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In response to reports of misuse and abuse of benzodiazepines, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is now requiring class-wide labeling changes to the prescribing information, the agency announced yesterday.

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Metformin May Slow Cognitive Decline in Seniors With T2DM

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For older adults with type 2 diabetes, cognitive decline is slower and dementia risk reduced for those receiving metformin, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Diabetes Care.

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CDC: Women More Likely to Experience Anxiety, Depression

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Women are more likely to experience anxiety and depression, and women and older children are more likely to receive mental health treatment, according to new statistics from four data briefs published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Risk for Autism Increased With Preterm, Postterm Birth

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Preterm and postterm birth are associated with an increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to a study published online Sept. 22 in PLOS Medicine.

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1998 to 2016 Saw Rise in Alcohol Use Disorder Hospitalizations

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Alcohol use disorder (AUD) hospitalizations increased from 1998 to 2016, while in-hospital mortality for patients hospitalized with AUD decreased, according to a research letter published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

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Mental Illness Recognition Up in U.K. General Hospital Admissions

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2006 to 2017, there was improvement in the sensitivity for recording of severe mental illness (SMI) diagnosis in English general hospitals, but less accurate diagnostic recording was seen for some groups including ethnic minorities, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in PLOS Medicine.

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Loneliness a Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

TUESDAY, Sept. 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Loneliness is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Sept. 15 in Diabetologia.

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Stress, Depressive Symptoms Up With Increasing COVID-19 Deaths

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Acute stress and depressive symptoms have increased as COVID-19 deaths increased across the United States, with COVID-19-related media exposure and secondary stressors associated with these symptoms, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in Science Advances.

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Individuals With Autism at Risk for Other Health Conditions

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Individuals with autism have increased health risks even when considering lifestyle factors, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in Autism.

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Inverted U-Shaped Link Seen for Sleep Duration, Cognitive Decline

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There is an inverted U-shaped association between sleep duration and global cognitive decline, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in JAMA Network Open.

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Timing of Gender-Affirming Care Linked to Mental Health

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For gender-incongruent (GI) youth presenting for gender-affirming medical care (GAMC), late pubertal stage and older age are associated with worse mental health, according to a study published online Sept. 21 in Pediatrics.

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Hostility Predicts Mortality in Acute Coronary Syndrome

MONDAY, Sept. 21, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), hostility predicts all-cause mortality but not recurrence, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing.

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Older Adults Experiencing More Loneliness During Pandemic

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Older adults are feeling more isolated during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a report published online Sept. 14 based on the results of the University of Michigan National Poll on Healthy Aging.

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Depression Common Among Psoriasis Patients

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Depression is common among patients with psoriasis, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Dermatology.

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Lifestyle Changes May Aid Cognitive Abilities

FRIDAY, Sept. 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Improvements in lifestyle risk factors for dementia can lead to short-term improvements in cognition among community-dwelling adults experiencing cognitive decline, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Elderly Social Isolation, Loneliness in COVID-19 May Lead to Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Social isolation and loneliness can increase the risk for cognitive decline in seniors, according to Carla Perissinotto, M.D., geriatrician and associate chief for geriatrics clinical programs at the University of California in San Francisco, who recently spoke with HD Live! about the current challenges facing seniors in assisted living or nursing homes during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Consensus Study Report

Substance Use Disorder Linked to Increased Risk for COVID-19

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with a higher risk for COVID-19 than that seen in the general population, as well as worse outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 14 in Molecular Psychiatry.

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Meta-Analysis Links PTSD to Increased Dementia Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with the risk for dementia, according to a meta-analysis published online Sept. 15 in the British Journal of Psychiatry.

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ADHD Prevalence Higher Among Blacks Than U.S. Population

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Black individuals may be at higher risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than the general U.S. population, according to a review published online Sept. 9 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Low-to-Moderate Drinking May Protect Cognition During Aging

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Low-to-moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with better global cognition scores among middle-aged and older adults, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Financial Toxicity Common in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), financial toxicity is common and is associated with lifestyle-altering behaviors or care nonadherence, according to a study published online Aug. 18 in the Multiple Sclerosis Journal.

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Antipsychotic Rx Still Common With Intellectual Disabilities

TUESDAY, Sept. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Antipsychotic drug prescription is still common for people with intellectual disabilities, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in BMJ Open.

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Workplace Sexual Harassment Tied to Suicide Risk

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Sexual harassment at work is associated with an increased risk for suicidal behavior, according to a study published online Sept. 2 in The BMJ.

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Depression Worsens Over Time in Caregivers of Partners With Dementia

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Depressive symptoms worsen over time for older caregivers of partners or spouses who are newly diagnosed with dementia, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the Journal of Applied Gerontology.

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One or More Opioids Involved in ~80 Percent of OD Deaths

MONDAY, Sept. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) — More than 83 percent of overdose deaths during January to June 2019 involved illicitly manufactured fentanyls (IMFs), heroin, cocaine, or methamphetamine (alone or in combination), according to research published in the Sept. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Modafinil in Early Pregnancy Not Tied to Congenital Malformations

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Modafinil use during early pregnancy is not associated with significantly increased risk for major malformations in exposed infants, according to a research letter published online Sept. 1 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Weight Stigma May Predict Binge Eating During the Pandemic

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Young adults who previously experienced weight stigma may have increased vulnerability to distress and maladaptive eating during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

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Increases in Suicide Rates in Young Adults From 2000 to 2018

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2000 to 2018, there were increases in suicide rates among persons aged 10 to 24 years, according to the Sept. 11 National Vital Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Psychological Response to COVID-19 Affects Pregnancy Stress

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Among pregnant women, the psychological response to the COVID-19 pandemic positively affects pregnancy stress, and security sense negatively affects pregnancy stress, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

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Telepsychology Use Up 12-Fold in the U.S. During Pandemic

FRIDAY, Sept. 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The use of telepsychology has increased dramatically during the pandemic, but not all psychologists will continue to use it after the pandemic, according to a study published online Aug. 20 in American Psychologist.

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Middle, High School Students Mainly Use Flavored E-Cigarettes

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In 2020, most high school and middle school students reporting current electronic cigarette use used flavored cigarettes, while total e-cigarette sales increased 122.2 percent from September 2014 to May 2020, according to two studies published in the Sept. 9 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA Press Release

AHA Statement

Widespread Avoidance of Medical Care Found Due to COVID-19 Concerns

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There was widespread reporting of avoidance of medical care due to COVID-19-related concerns in June 2020, according to research published in the Sept. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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E-Cigarette Use Increased Significantly From 2017 to 2018

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — There was a marked increase in electronic cigarette use from 2017 to 2018 in the United States, according to a study published online Sept. 8 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Moderate, Heavy Drinking Linked to Increased BP, HTN in T2DM

THURSDAY, Sept. 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For individuals with type 2 diabetes, moderate and heavy drinking are associated with an increased risk for elevated blood pressure, stage 1 hypertension, and stage 2 hypertension, according to a study published online Sept. 9 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Financial Strain Tied to Higher Risk for Suicide Attempts

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Financial strain is associated with an increased risk for suicide attempts and should be considered when assessing mental health, according to a study recently published in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

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Almost 1 in 100 May Die From Firearms, Overdose, or Motor Vehicle Accident

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The lifetime risk for death from firearms and drug overdoses varies by race and geography, according to a study recently published in The American Journal of Medicine.

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Seizures During Menstrual Cycle Tied to Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — In women with genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE), having more frequent seizures during the menstrual cycle is associated with drug-resistant epilepsy, according to a study published online Aug. 5 in Neurology.

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Maternal Obesity May Alter Fetal Brain Development

TUESDAY, Sept. 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Obesity in pregnant women may impact the development of their offspring’s brains, according to a study published online Aug. 10 in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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2009 to 2019 Saw Increase in Exposure to Phenibut in U.S.

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — From 2009 to 2019, there was an increase in exposure to phenibut, with 1,320 exposures reported, according to research published in the Sept. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Adult ADHD Symptoms May Predict Motor Vehicle Crash Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms that persist into adulthood is associated with a higher risk for being involved in a motor vehicle crash (MVC), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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CDC: 13.2 Percent of U.S. Adults Used Antidepressants in 2015 to 2018

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — During 2015 to 2018, 13.2 percent of U.S. adults used antidepressant medications in the previous 30 days, according to a September data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Anticholinergic Meds May Raise Risk for Cognitive Decline

FRIDAY, Sept. 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Anticholinergic medications (aCH) are associated with an increased risk for incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and cognitive decline in older adults, according to a study published online Sept. 2 in Neurology.

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Few U.S. Children Meet Guidelines for Exercise, Screen Time

MONDAY, Aug. 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Few U.S. children meet all three guidelines for physical activity, screen time, and sleep, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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High-Intensity Lifestyle Treatment Beneficial for Obesity in Underserved

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — For an underserved primary care population, a high-intensity lifestyle-based treatment program for obesity results in significant weight loss at 24 months, according to a study published in the Sept. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Symptoms of Depression More Prevalent During COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The prevalence of depression symptoms in the United States was higher early in the pandemic than before COVID-19, according to a study published online Sept. 2 in JAMA Network Open.

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Brain Scan May Guide Therapy for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Brain scans may predict which type of therapy will be most effective for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in teens and adults, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Dementia May Contribute to More Deaths Than Previously Thought

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) — The U.S. mortality burden associated with dementia may be underestimated by vital statistics, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in JAMA Neurology.

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Nonpsychotic Mental Disorder in Teens Linked to Later MI Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Having a nonpsychotic mental disorder in adolescence is associated with increased risk of subsequent myocardial infarction, with stress resilience partially attenuating the association, according to a study presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2020: The Digital Experience, held virtually from Aug. 29 to Sept. 1.

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Neuropsychiatric Disorders Up in Offspring of Mothers With PCOS

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Exposure to maternal polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with increased risk of a range of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in offspring, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Human Reproduction.

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Maternal H1N1 Flu Vaccination Not Linked to Autism in Offspring

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Maternal influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 vaccination during pregnancy is not associated with risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in offspring, according to a study published online Sept. 1 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Consensus Statements Issued for Adult Cochlear Implantation

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — Consensus statements have been developed for cochlear implantation among adults with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL); the systematic review and accompanying consensus statements were published online Aug. 27 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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Digital Cognitive Therapy Aids College Women With Eating Disorders

TUESDAY, Sept. 1, 2020 (HealthDay News) — A coached, digital cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention is effective for reducing eating disorder psychopathology, compensatory behaviors, depression, and clinical impairment among college women, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in JAMA Network Open.

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