Acromegaly is associated with an increased risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular (CV) events. Controlling acromegaly decreases, but does not normalize this risk. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) assessment is used in the general population for the diagnosis of heart failure and to predict ischemic recurrences and mortality. This is a retrospective, longitudinal, monocenter study that evaluates the role of serum N-terminal fragment of BNP (NT-pro-BNP) for predicting CV events in acromegaly patients.
Serum NT-pro-BNP levels were measured in 76 patients with acromegaly (23 males, 57.7±1.5 years), and compared with other predictors of CV events. NT-pro-BNP cut-off value discriminating the occurrence of CV events was determined by ROC analysis. CV events were recorded during a follow-up of 78.6±6.4 months.
CV events occurred in 9.2% of patients. Mean log(NT-pro-BNP) concentration was higher in patients who experienced CV events than in those who did not (p<0.01) and in patients who died due to CV events than in those who died due to other causes (p<0.01). Based on the ROC curve, a cut-off value of 91.55 pg/mL could predict CV events (OR 19.06). Log(NT-pro-BNP) was lower in surgically treated patients by surgery (p<0.05), and in those cured by neurosurgery (p<0.02).
High NT-pro-BNP value is an independent middle-term predictor of fatal or non-fatal CV events in patients with acromegaly. According to this parameter, surgically treated patients show lower CV risk than those managed with medical therapy, especially if the disease is cured.

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