Bronchial asthma poses a considerable burden on both individual patients and public health. Sesamin is a natural lignan that relieves asthma. However, the potential regulatory mechanism has not been fully validated. In this study, we revealed the mechanism of sesamin in inhibiting airway inflammation of asthma. In cockroach extract (CRE)-induced asthmatic mice, sesamin efficiently inhibited inflammatory cell infiltration, expressions of total and CRE-specific IgE in serum, and inflammatory cytokines (including IL-4, 5, 13) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Further study revealed that sesamin inhibited Th2 cells in the mediastinal lymph nodes and spleen, the expression of PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) and Parkin, and apoptosis of lung airway epithelial cells. , sesamin had no significant cytotoxicity to BEAS-2B cells. Sesamin significantly increased TNF-α/IL-4-induced superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), and nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2), and decreased malondialdehyde. Sesamin also inhibited TNF-α/IL-4-induced mitochondrial reactive oxygen species, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, and reduced cell apoptosis as well as PINK1/Parkin expression and translocation to mitochondria. Conclusively, sesamin may relieve asthma airway inflammation by inhibiting mitophagy and mitochondrial apoptosis. Thus, sesamin may become a potential therapeutic agent for asthma.